Philippine copyright law is enshirined in the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines, officially known as Republic Act No. 8293. The law is partly based on United States copyright law and the principles of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. Unlike many other copyright laws, Philippine copyright laws also protect patents, trademarks, and other forms of intellectual property.
There are also other laws that protect copyrights: the Optical Media Act (which protects music, movies, computer programs, and video games) is an example of such.
The law is enforced through a body established by the law: the Intellectual Property Office, or IPO, and its various branches. Copyright implementation is done with the coordination of the IPO and the Copyright Division of the National Library of the Philippines.
The Intellectual Property Code splits works that may be copyrighted into 17 classes, listed from A to Q. While all the classes listed are specifically for copyrighted material, trademarks and other forms of intellectual property, depending on what it is, are covered as well. Patents do not have a category.
- A: Literature (books, pamphlets, etc.)
- B: Periodicals (newspapers, tabloids, magazines, etc.)
- C: Public speeches and other public speaking works (speeches, lectures, sermons, etc.)
- D: Letters
- E: Television or movie scripts, choreography, and entertainment in dumb shows
- F: Musical works (lyrics, songs, song arrangements, etc.)
- G: Art products (drawings, paintings. sculptures, etc.)
- H: Ornamental designs and other forms of applied art (not necessarily industrial designs)
- I: Geographical, topographical, architectural, and scientific works (maps, charts, plans, etc.)
- J: Scientific and technical drawings
- K: Photographs and cinematographic works made in a process similar to photography
- L: Audio-visual works and cinematographic works made in a process similar to making audio-visual works
- M: Pictures used in advertising (includes logos)
- N: Computer programs
- O: Other works not covered in classes A-N of a literary, scholarly, scientific, or artistic nature
- P: Sound recordings
- Q: Broadcasts